Oil and gas projects in Russia: interactive map

2017 will be a big year for Russian oil and gas. Oil production hit record post-Soviet levels in 2016, and Russia is still a titan of the gas world, particularly with large LNG projects coming on stream. This production rise mean plenty of projects - old and new - are seeing heavy investment and supply of materials, technology and services from around the world.

This interactive map gives an overview of all the major oil and gas projects in Russia - upstream, transportation and refining - from the Far East to the Baltic.

Once you're in, click any Russian region for a closer look at the projects taking place there, or click on a project directly to find out more about it.
Let's go

Western Russia and the Caspian

Urals

Activity in the Urals in central Russia is dominated by the Yamal peninsula - home to several major production fields and the Yamal LNG project. More information below.

Projects in this region:

  • Russian Far East

    Russia's Far East is a key part of the country's renewed focus on Asian markets. The Power of Siberia pipeline, currently under construction, underpins a $400bn gas deal with China, and Sakhalin will soon see an extension to its gas facilities. Find out more below.

    Projects in this region:

  • LNG hub in St. Petersburg

    The Baltic Sea is already a hotbed of LNG activity. Terminals, such as Lithuania’s Klaipeda, Poland’s   Swinoujscie and a site under development in Gothenburg, Sweden, make it one of the most competitive environments in oil and gas.

     

    Coupled with an increased demand for LNG stemming from regional ferry operators, who are employing more LNG-powered vessels in their fleets, it is easy to see why Russia wants its own piece of the Baltic action.

     

    Russia, therefore, will also develop storage and processing facilities around St. Petersburg and the Baltic ports. LNG-Gorskaya, a Russian investment firm specialising in natural gas projects, was given the go ahead to construct a new LNG terminal at the port of St. Petersburg.

     

    Comprised of a plant assembled on three non-self-propelled barges, gas pipeline, loading rack, jetty and three bunkering barges, LNG-Gorskaya’s proposed plan is ambitious. The company hopes to begin production, which would amount to 1.26 million tons of gas annually, in 2018.

     

    Russia’s drive to establish itself as a major LNG player in the Baltic region will likely result in further facilities. As such, a big demand for machinery, equipment and knowhow will be emanating from the St. Petersburg region in the near future.

    Image: Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: Variable

    Time frame: 2018 onwards

    • Production launch - 2018
    • Annual output - 1.26 million tonnes

    SPIMEX integration

    The St. Petersburg International Mercantile Exchange was once a point of contention for international firms interested in Russian gas, thanks to opaque pricing and a lack of cooperation when it came to disclosing trading volumes.

     

    Now, SPIMEX is opening up to the world to boost St. Petersburg’s gas hub potential – going on a charm offensive around Europe, and taking steps to make its pricing of Russian gas much more transparent for the international spot market.

     

    September 2015 saw SPIMEX, state-owned pipeline company Transneft and Russia’s Federal Antimonopoly Service, sign an agreement to optimise exchange trading of oil and petroleum products. They will be streamlining procedures and updating SPIMEX’s electronic trading platform to make transparency a non-issue.

     

    SPIMEX’s global integration will ensure Russia has a world-class trading platform to match its new transportation and storage infrastructure. Russian resources at Russian prices has long been a goal of the Putin administration. With SPIMEX, it looks closer than ever.


    Image: Victorgrigas

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: N/A

    Time frame: Ongoing

    Yamal LNG

    Even though it’s the world’s number two natural gas producer, Russia is not a leading exporter of LNG. In an effort to become a major exportation player, and break the dominances of top supplier Qatar, the nation is spending big on gas projects – like the huge Yamal LNG Plant in Northwest Siberia.

    Yamal, brainchild of government-supported independent Novatek, can produce up to 5.5 million tons of exportable LNG a year. As well as Novatek, majors Total and China National Petroleum Company (CNPC) have funded the $27 billion facility.

    Much of Yamal’s output is destined for Asia – in particular, China. China is due gas delivries from Russia for the next 30 years in a deal worth $400 billion. Other Asian markets are to receive gas from Yamal too.

    First gas cargoes were sold to Malaysia’s Petronas in December 2017, transported via one of the project’s specially commissioned icebreaker tankers. This initial batch of Yamal LNG weighed in at 170,000 cubic metres.

    Full time production is due to start in 2018. Away from Asia, Novatek has brokered transhipment deals with France’s Engie and Belgian firm Fluxys so Yamal’s output can also reach Europe too.

    Image: Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: $27 billion

    Time frame: 2016 - 2018

    • Chinese funding loan: $27 billion
    • Construction status: 60% complete
    • Expected annual output; 5.5 million tons

    Nord Stream 2

    Work on Russia’s most controversial pipeline continues onwards through 2018. Gazprom, the project’s majority partner and chief ringleader, says all contracts for the cross-Baltic pipeline have been signed. The Gazprom team is keen to break ground and start work in earnest.

    “Preparation for the gas pipeline construction is in full swing,” Gazprom said in a statement in December 2017. “Contracts were executed for the time being for all basic materials, equipment, and services needed to implement construction work.”

    Originally slated to transport gas from Vyborg to a terminal at Greifswald on Germany’s north coast, Nord Stream 2 might have to take a detour. Alternative routes are being sought by Nord Stream 2 AG, the pipeline’s operating consortium has said.

    Pressure from the Danish government, through whose waters the pipeline will pass on its current course, may alter Nord Stream 2’s course. Legislature restricting Russian access to Denmark’s sea territories is being mulled over due to security concerns.
     
    Still, European gas demand is expected to rise, with research firm Platts stating in January 2017 the outlook for gas suppliers on European markets remains positive – hence why Gazprom is determined to push ahead with Nord Stream 2.

    38% of Germany’s gas needs, for instance, is covered by product originating in Russian fields.

    Once complete, Nord Stream 2 can add an additional 27.5 billion cubic metres of gas annually to European supplies for a total of 55 billion cubic metres. A 2019 launch date has been eyeballed, reliant on the project now moving ahead on schedule.

    Image via Nord Stream 2, © Axel Schmidt

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: $9 billion

    Time frame: 2016 - 2019

    Annual deliverability: 55 billion cubic metres

    Caspian exploration and transportation

    Most Caspian production is in non-Russian acreages, so transportation is the key concern for Russia’s energy operators in the region. While some companies such as Lukoil, which announced in September 2016 it was to start producing oil at its Vladimir Fillanovsky Field development, are actively exploring the Sea, others are focusing on inking transportation deals.

     

    Azerbaijan’s SOCAR and Russia’s Transneft, for example, signed a new oil transportation deal in February 2016. Utilising the Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline, and collecting oil from the Azeri Sangachal terminal, SOCAR will transport 1.3 million tons of oil monthly from the Caspian Sea.

     

    Transneft has a history of activity in the Caspian region. Since 2008, it has held a 31% share of the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) – making Transneft the group’s majority shareholder. Not just a consortium, the CPC is also a vital pipeline linking the Caspian Tengiz Field to Russia’s Black Sea coast.

     

    Russia is intent on securing not only its own supply lines, but also those to Europe and beyond. Expect to see a flurry of transportation deals and negotiations underway in 2017 and beyond.

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: N/A

    Time frame: Ongoing

    Turkish Stream

    A 7 billion-euro pipeline to bring Russian gas to Turkey and Europe while bypassing Ukraine, Turkish Stream is back on the table after geopolitics shelved it for much of 2015 and 2016.#

    In technical terms, the route will enter the Black Sea near Anapa in southwestern Russia, spanning 910 km before it surfaces at Kiyikoy to the west of Istanbul. A key point of the pipeline - to deliver gas to southern Europe as well as Turkey - will be taken care of by a delivery point on the Turkish-Greek border. Maximum depth of Turkish Stream - or TurkStream, as the pipeline is also known - will be 2,200 metres.


    Most of the political hurdles appear to have now been cleared. Turkey's parliament ratified an agreement with Russia regarding the pipeline in December 2016, paving the way for full-scale work to begin. Contracts soon followed - Allseas Group secured a deal on 8 December 2016 to lay the first part of Turkish Stream's offshore section.

    Image: Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: €7 billion

    Time frame: 2016 -

    • Maximum depth: 2,200 metres
    • Reported cost: 7 billion euros
    • Pipeline diameter: 813 mm
    • Projected gas deliverability: 31.5 bcm per year

    Power of Siberia pipeline

    A voracious energy appetite, coupled with a gigantic population, imposes some tough demands on China’s energy grid. Electricity generation in the north of the country is a particularly hot topic. Now, China hopes to draw on Siberia’s vast natural resource stores to satiate its massive energy demands.

     

    Gazprom and China National Petroleum Company (CNPC) signed a contract in September 2016 to build a cross-border section of the Power of Siberia pipeline, which will pass under the Amur River.  Gazprom’s Western Siberian fields will be the source for its Chinese supplies.

     

    Such is China’s need for steady energy supplies that CNPC and Gazprom inked an agreement for Gazprom to supply 38 billion cubic metres of gas over a 30-year period. Over this period, China will purchase $400 billion worth of gas from Gazprom.

    Image: Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: $20 billion

    Time frame: 2016 - 2019

    • Total value of supplies: $400 billion
    • 2016 construction spending: $1.7 billion
    • First supplies expected: 2019

    Kaliningrad LNG regasification project

    In a bid to expand its natural gas operations and supplies in the Baltic area, Gazprom is pouring billions into new LPG import, regasification and storage terminal in Kaliningrad. Roughly $18 billion is being invested into the project, which the Kremlin has classified as of vital importance for Russia’s energy security.

    The terminal, promising an extra 2.7 billion cubic metres of natural gas for the Kaliningrad region, should begin operation in late 2017. Notably, it will feature an underground gas storage (UGS) facility. Gazprom has stated that not only will the site be able to offer local citizens more gas, but pipelines will be able to feed into the UGS area for further production boosts.

    Image: Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: $18 billion

    Time frame: 2017 -

    • Extra supply to the region: 2.7 bcm

    Filanovskoye field

    While Russia's Caspian interests mainly centre on transportation of other countries' resources, the end of 2016 brought a boost to its own production in the Sea. Lukoil began commercial production att he Vladimir Filanovskiy field in the north Caspian in early November 2016, with two wells producing around 45,000 barrels per day. 

    Production is expected to increase in the coming years, with further development underway at the field including construction of ice-resistant production facilities. Discovered in 2005, the field has proven reserves of 290 million barrels.

    Image: Lukoil

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: N/A

    Time frame: 2016 onwards

    • Proven reserves: 290 million barrels
    • Production as of November 2016: 45,000 bpd

    Amur Gas Processing Plant

    Russia’s biggest ever natural gas development has had its price tag doubled. Now, Amur Gas Processing Plant holds a hefty cost of $22.1 billion – a mark of Gazprom’s confidence in Amur’s potential. Once the plant is fully up and operational, with a 2021 production start, the Linde Engineering-supplied site will be pumping out 42 billion cubic metres of natural gas every year.

    Feed gas is sourced from the Yakutia and Irkutsk production centres, before being carried via the Power of Siberia pipeline onward to China. The energy-hungry nation has inked a $400 billion 30-year agreement with Russia for gas supplies via Amur.

    In fact, the China Petroleum Engineering & Construction company is handling construction – including installation of a 60 million cubic metre helium block.

    Image: Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: $22.1 billion

    Time frame: 2015 - 2021

    • Processing capacity: 42bcm per year
    • Supply: Power of Siberia

    Vankor field

    Vankor Oil Field, a vital project for Rosneft, is the largest oil and gas field put into operation in Russia in the last quarter of a century. Officially launched in 2009, production currently stands at 442,000 barrels a day. Proven reserves sit at 1.5 billion barrels of oil, alongside 95 billion cubic metres of natural gas.

    It is a key part of Siberia's production capability. The field has played a key role in the recent growth in production from existing Russian fields, producing around 22 million tonnes in 2016 - helping Russia hit record oil production in 2016. 

    The development is set to grow significantly thanks to an influx of funds from an Indian consortium. Oil India Ltd., Indian Oil Corp. and Bharat Petro Resources have acquired a 24% stake in Vankor, at an estimated cost of $2.02 billion – the biggest overseas acquisition by an Indian company in recent memory.

    Image: Rosneft

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: $8 billion

    Time frame: Ongoing

    • Proven oil reserves: 1.2 billion barrels
    • Proven gas reserves: 95 bcm

    Sakhalin-2 gas hub

    Russia is planning to add a third production facility at the existing Sakhalin-2 plant, which currently produces 10 million tons of gas annually. Gazprom will be spearheading the project, in collaboration with Shell, plus Japan’s Mitsui and Mitsubishi. Mitsui’s CIS Managing Officer, Hiroshi Meguro, expects the site’s planned third LNG liquefaction train will add an additional 5.4 million tons of gas to the supply each year.

     

    2015 saw the Sakhalin-2 site produce around 10.8 million tons of natural gas, alongside 5.15 million tons of oil, making it one of the world’s foremost LNG facilities. Shell, which owns a 27.5% stake in the project, has stated Sakhalin-2 supplies 4% of global LNG, with South Korea and Japan as its key markets.

     

    Preparation for the design and front-end engineering documentation for Sakhalin-2’s expansion was nearing completion at the start of October 2016. Gazprom hopes the third train will come online in 2021. Once complete, this expansion could promote Russia’s first offshore LNG facility to the status of a world leader in natural gas production.

    Image: Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: N/A

    Time frame: 2015 - 2021

    • Global LNG supply share: 4%
    • Completion date for third phase: 2021

    Trebs and Titov fields

    The newly-exploited Trebs and Titov oil fields are some of the most promising oil projects in the Russian industry. Located in the far northern Yamalo-Nenets autonomous region and operated by Bashneft, the two fields made a strong contribution to Russian oil production in 2015.

    Production is set to gradually increase in the coming years, hitting peak flow of 4.8 million tonnes per year by 2020 - the level in 2015 was 1.4 million tonnes. As of the end of 2015, 51 exploratory wells were in operation on the two fields, along with 136km of pipeline installation - including a 40km pipeline linking the two fields.

    As production from Russia's mainstay fields in West Siberia starts to decline, the output from newly-developed fields in the north like Trebs and Titov will play a key role in maintaining the country's output over the rest of the decade.


    Image: Bashneft

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: N/A

    Time frame: 2014 -

    • Proven oil reserves: 240 million barrels
    • 2015 output levels - 1.4 million tonnes

    Prirazlomnoye field

    The Prirazlomnoye field is Russia's big hitter in the Arctic - the only production project on its Arctic shelf. Discovered in 1999, production finally began at the field in 2013, with output levels hitting 40,000 barrels per day in 2016.

    Production is centred on a bespoke ice-resistant platform, which houses the wellheads of all wells drilled at Prirazlomnoye, as well as storage, transportation and drilling facilities. The platform produces a unique blend of oil, ARCO, which is heavier than most of Russia's export production and as such is used extensively in areas like road building and manufacturing.

    As an Arctic development, sanctions have limited the extent to which the field can adopt further technology, but plans for the field are ambitious. Officials are targeting a 24% production increase in 2017, but this will be a challenge - Gazprom announced in December 2016 that production at Prirazlomnoye would stop completely for 90 days for planned maintenance.

    In January 2016, two new production wells were completed at Prirazlomnoye, bringing the total to six.

    Image: Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: N/A

    Time frame: 2013 -

    • 2016 output: 2.1 million tonnes
    • Production wells in operation: 4
    • Total oil reserves: 70 million tonnes

    Novoportovskoye field

    The Novoportovskoye field - which prouduced its millionth tonne of oil in June 2016 - is another of the enormous Yamal Peninsula fields that forms the backbone of greenfield Russian oil production.

    Novoportovskoe was first discovered back in 1964, but drilling had to wait 48 years before the required infrastructure could be built to access the remote field. This work is still ongoing, with an offshore loading terminal completed in 2015 to ship the oil round the Arctic by sea via Cape Kamenny.

    The first crude from the field was loaded into a tanker in May 2016, and production is slated to rise to 120,000 barrels per day by 2018, or 6.3 million tonnes. Along with other Yamal-based fields like Trebs and Titov and Prirazlomnoye, this field was a big contributor to Russia's 2.4 million-tonne increase in oil production in 2015.

    The field is another of Russia's arctic acreages that produces its own grade of crude - Novy Port, a low-sulphur offering that Gazprom Neft, the field's operastors, aims to market to refineries in northwest Europe.

    Image: Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: N/A

    Time frame: Ongoing

    • Operator: Gazprom Neft
    • Target 2018 production: 6.3 million tonnes
    • Recoverable oil reserves: 250 million tonnes

    MIOGE exhibition

    The MIOGE exhibition in Moscow is the largest and most recognised oil and gas trade event in Russia and Central Asia. For over 20 years, MIOGE has become the traditional meeting place for the world’ leading oil and gas companies to converge and build new business partnerships with local trade operators and suppliers. Rosneftegaz, LUKOIL and Gazprom, plus many others, have previously participated. 

    Click here for more information about the exhibition and the RPGC conferrence that runs alongside it.

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: N/A

    Time frame: 27 - 30 June 2017

    • Exhibitors: 652
    • Visitors: 25,424
    • Venue: Crocus Expo, Moscow

    Siberian exploration

    For exploration across Siberia and the Russian Far East, a region noted for its huge potential, Russian firms have broken out the chequebooks and are spending big. This ongoing exploration is expected to cost upwards of $50 billion.

    So what and where are they looking for? In the Western Siberian basin alone, assessed, undiscovered reserves are estimated at:

    •    55.2 billion barrels of oil
    •    18.1 trillion cubic metres of gas
    •    20.5 billion barrels of LNG

    Sergey Donskoy, Head of the Ministry of Natural Resources, has identified the Far East and Arctic regions as ripe for exploration. Speaking in Vladivostok in October 2017, Donskoy said the priority lies in investigating Western Siberia and the East-Siberian Platform.

    Checking out Siberia for its mineral wealth is nothing new. The Irkutsk Oil Company, for instance, was awarded licenses to investigate the Leno-Tengus oil field in 2014. However, activity will be heating up over the next three to five years once that $50 billion investment hits the region.
     

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: $50 million

    Time frame: 2018 – ongoing

    Baltic LNG Hub

    While Nord Stream 2 will shakeup how Russia delivers gas via the Baltics, it’s not the only region-specific project Russian companies are cooking up. Russia current lacks a true Baltic LNG facility, so the onus on Russian majors is to remedy this situation as soon as possible.

    Gazprom and Shell agreed to set up a joint Baltic LNG venture in June 2017, with construction of a brand-new facility. Feasibility studies are slated to begin in 2018.

    Ust-Luga, currently Russia’s biggest mineral export port, will play host to Gazprom’s hub. Building here will not come cheap, however. According to Ust-Luga port officials, construction work at the site could cost as much as $18.5 billion.

    The project leads believe that the facility could come online as early as 2022, although a 2023 date is more realistic. Once up and running, the LNG hub is estimated to produce between 10-15 million tons of LNG annually at peak capacity.

    Image: © Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: $18.5 billion

    Time frame: 2017-2023

    Potential production capacity: 10-15 million tons/year
     

    Lukoil-Iran Caspian Exploration

    Back in October 2017, Lukoil and the Iranian government inked deals on geological exploration in the Caspian Sea – a historic first for joint Russo-Iranian Caspian cooperation. The Russian major will be throwing its heft into aiding the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) survey and develop acreages in Iran’s Caspian offshore territories.

    The Sardar-e-Jangal field, holding an estimated 1.4 trillion cubic metres of gas, an around 500 million barrels of crude, is Iran’s biggest Caspian find so far. It’s likely this will become the focus of combined Lukoil-NIOC activity, as Sardar-e-Jangal is packed with resources. It will be in both parties’ interests to begin extraction efforts soon.

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: N/A

    Time frame: 2018 – ongoing

    Potential gas reserves: 1.4 trillion cubic metres
    Potential oil reserves: 500 million barrels

    Gazprom Moscow Oil Refinery Modernisation Project

    For Russian oil and gas sites there’s one mantra going round: “modernisation, modernisation, modernisation”. Upgrades of up and downstream equipment is an industry-wide trend right now. Nowhere is this clearer than at Gazprom’s Moscow Oil Refinery where machinery has been undergoing a renovation or replacement programme since 2013.

    The 12.15-million-ton capacity refinery is in its second upgrade phase, where heavy modern equipment is being installed onsite. Helping to bring Gazprom’s Moscow facility up to Euro+ Combined Oil Refining Unit (CORU) is the installation of:

    • A 6 million ton/year primary atmospheric-vacuum distillation unit (CDU-VDU 6)
    • A 1 million ton/year gasoline reforming unit
    • A 2 million ton/year diesel hydrotreating unit (incorporating an iso-dewaxing unit
    • A gas refractionation unit
    • An amine regeneration unit

    Phase two is scheduled to end in 2018, with the final project end date set at 2020.

    Image: © Gazprom

    Facts & Figures

    Budget: $1.5 billion

    Time frame: 2013-2020